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Life History of Joseph Robinette Biden Jr.

Joseph Robinette Biden Jr., Democrat and Delaware's longest-serving senator (1973-2009), also served two terms as the 47th vice president of the United States. As he becomes the 46th president of the United States after defeating incumbent Donald Trump in the 2020 presidential election, here's a look at some of the highlights of his life and career.

Biden was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, on November 20, 1942. His father, Joseph Sr., who worked as a used car salesman and also cleaned ovens for a living, instilled values ​​of toughness and hard work in Biden when he was child. In an interview with The New York Times, Biden recalled that his father said, "Champ, the measure of a man is not how often he gets knocked down, but how quickly he gets up."

When he was 10 years old, Biden's family moved to Claymont, Delaware. He went on to receive a double major in history and political science from the University of Delaware. Later, he earned a law degree from Syracuse University in New York.

In 1966, he married his fellow student Neilia Hunter, with whom he went on to have three children.

In 1968, he moved to Wilmington, Delaware, where he began to practice law. Later that year, he campaigned for the New Castle County Council, which he won by 2,000 votes. As part of the council, he protested a 10-lane highway project that would have devastated local neighborhoods. He also fought companies that build oil refineries along the state's coast.

In November 1972, at the age of 29, Biden became the fifth-youngest person elected to the United States Senate. While in office, he focused on foreign relations, drug policy, and criminal justice. During his long tenure, he regularly traveled on an Amtrak train from Wilmington to Washington.

On December 18, 1972, his wife and daughter Naomi were killed in a car accident while doing Christmas shopping. Sons Beau and Hunter were seriously injured, but made a full recovery. In 1977, he married school teacher Jill Jacobs (right), with whom he welcomed a daughter, Ashley.

He served in the Senate office from 1973 to 2009, becoming Delaware's longest-serving leader.

Biden's run in the 1988 Democratic presidential nomination was marred by incidents of plagiarism. While campaigning, he allegedly picked up segments of a speech by British MP Neil Kinnock. At an Iowa State Fair event, he copied parts of Kinnock's speech from the same year, repeating the line that he was the first "in a thousand generations" to graduate from college. He went on to say the same thing about his wife's upbringing and gestured at her, just as Kinnock did during his own speech. Biden dropped out of the race shortly after this.

This was also not his first reported plagiarism case. In 1987, a New York Times article reported that she acknowledged plagiarizing a law review article for an article she wrote during her freshman year at Syracuse University. In November 1965 he went on to defend himself in a letter requesting the faculty not to expel him. He wrote: “My intention was not to deceive anyone. Because if it was, it wouldn't have been so cheeky ... if it had intended to cheat, would it have been so stupid?

A member of the Senate Judiciary Committee, he presided over Clarence Thomas' nomination hearings to the Supreme Court in 1991. As a replacement for retired Thurgood Marshall, Thomas (R) was nominated by President George HW Bush as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. Several women's groups and civil rights groups opposed Thomas during the process because of his conservative political views. Law professor Anita Hill also filed complaints of sexual harassment during the confirmation process.

Biden's questions during the hearings were harshly criticized by the media, with TIME reporting: "His long-winded, half-apologetic and unquestioned questions left witnesses baffled and had millions of Americans yearning for a muzzle." She was also prosecuted for failing to call additional witnesses to support Hill's claims and for taking no action when questioned extensively by fellow Republicans. In a 2019 interview on "Good Morning America," she expressed regret at the way Hill's testimony was handled. She said: “As chair of the committee, I take responsibility that you have not been treated well. I take responsibility for that ... I wish I could have done something: I opposed the nomination of Clarence Thomas and voted against her. "

Thomas was finally confirmed after the hearings.

On January 2007, he announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination, from which he withdrew the following year. Later, in 2007, she published a memoir, "Promises to Keep: On Life and Politics."

In August 2008, he was named a running mate of presidential candidate Barack Obama (left). The duo went on to defeat John McCain and Sarah Palin to win the election. On January 20, 2009, Obama was sworn in as the 44th President of the United States and Biden the 47th Vice President.

As Vice President, Biden represented the United States while traveling

Elect more than 50 nations. He worked with Congress to address brutality against women, stop gun violence, and raise the standard of living for middle-class citizens. He also helped Obama implement the Economic Recovery Act and the Affordable Care Act.

In 2012, Obama and Biden defeated Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan to secure a second term in the White House.

On May 30, 2015, his oldest son Beau (left) died at age 46 of brain cancer. He had served as the Delaware attorney general.

On January 12, 2017, Obama presented him with the Presidential Medal of Freedom with Distinction during a farewell press conference. Shocked by the action, Biden later admitted that he "had no idea" and insisted he did not deserve it. Obama, on the other hand, called Biden a "lion of American history" and admitted that he was a better president because of his running mate.

After leaving the White House in 2017, Biden and his family took an Amtrak train back home to Delaware for the first time as private citizens in years. He then established several establishments such as the Biden Foundation, the Biden Cancer Initiative, the Penn Biden Center for Diplomacy and Global Engagement, and the Biden Institute at the University of Delaware.

On April 25, 2019, Biden announced his candidacy for the upcoming presidential election. He then won the South Carolina Democratic primary on February 29, 2020. He followed up with impressive victories on Super Tuesday in North Carolina, Virginia, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Alabama, Tennessee, Minnesota, Massachusetts, Maine and Texas in March. .

On June 5, Biden got the presidential nomination from the Democratic Party. According to the Associated Press, the former vice president of the United States crossed the 1,991 required delegates in the primaries held on June 2 in seven states and the District of Columbia. "It was an honor to compete alongside one of the most talented groups of candidates the Democratic Party has ever presented, and I am proud to say that we are going to this general election as a united party," Biden said in a statement.

On August 18, Biden was officially nominated for president by the Democratic Party in a virtual ballot. Shortly after receiving the nomination, he tweeted: "It is the honor of my life to accept the nomination of the Democratic Party for the presidency of the United States of America." Democrats voted remotely as the Democratic National Convention was held primarily online due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Biden officially accepted the presidential nomination during the Democratic National Convention in Wilmington, Delaware, on August 20. "It is with great honor and humility that I accept this nomination for president of the United States of America," he said while speaking to his supporters. from via video. He also urged voters to end a "season of darkness" that has engulfed the country for "too long."

On November 7, Biden beat incumbent Donald Trump to become the 46th president of the United States. In a victory speech in his hometown of Wilmington, Delaware, the president-elect said it is a "time to heal" and vowed to be "a president who does not seek to divide but to unify, who does not see red states and blue states, just go to the United States. " By the time mainstream US media called the election in favor of Biden, he had won more than 74 million votes, the most ever for a US presidential candidate. His victory also came 48 years after he was first elected to the Senate. .

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